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Read passages I and II carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Passage I

We knew early in our life that the atmosphere in our home was different from that in many other homes where husbands and wives quarrel and where there was drunkenness, laziness or indifference – things we never saw in our family.

We chafed and grumbled at the strictness of my father’s regime. We went to hide whenever we broke the rules too visibly. We knew, nevertheless, that our parents wanted good things for us. Some of these, such as the insistence on our going to school and never missing a day, we accepted readily enough, although, like most other children, we occasionally yielded to the temptation to play truant. However, in other cases such as their effort to keep us out of contact with the difficult life – the drinking and fighting and beer-brewing and gambling – their failure was inevitable.

They could not keep us insulated. By the time we moved about, we were already seeing things with their eyes and judging things by the standards we had absorbed

from them. It was borne in on me and my brothers at a very early age that our father was an uncommon man. For one thing, in most African families, work around the home was women’s work. So, we were vastly impressed by the fact that whenever my mother was away, my father could and did do all her jobs -cooking, cleaning and looking after us.

We lived in this way in a community in which housework was regarded as being beneath male dignity. Even in families which, like ours, produced boy after boy - our sister came fifth – it simply meant that the mother carried a greater and greater burden of work. In our family, nevertheless, the boys did girls’ work and my father did it with us.

One of the prime chores of life in the family was fetching water from the pump down the street, some two hundred metres from our door. Since the pump was not unlocked until six in the morning and there was always crowding, a system had developed whereby you got out before dawn, placed your twenty-litre tin in line, and then went home, returning later to take your place. Often, of course, tins would be moved back in line and others moved ahead. This could be corrected if none of those in front were too big a challenge.

When taps were substituted for the pumps, the first one installed was nearly a kilometre away from our house and we had to make the trek with the water tins balanced on our heads – an indignity because this was the way girls, not

proud males, carried their burdens. All the children in the neighbourhood knew we did women’s work and I can still hear their derisive laughter. We did our jobs doggedly, that notwithstanding, because our father and mother expected it of us. Out of choice, our father did everything we did, including fetching water on occasion, and commanded us by sheer force of his example.

1. Which of the following described the father’s role in the family?

A. Being too hard on the children.
B. Serving the children.
C. Leading by example.
D. Usurping his wife’s role in the family.

2. By describing his father as an uncommon man, the writer means that he is _____

A. strict    B. kind    C. amenable    D. remarkable

3. A suitable title for the passage is _______

A. The Unusual Parent.
B. A village Life.
C. An Experience in Early life.
D. The problem of Water.

4. The word atmosphere, as used in the first paragraph of the passage, means ______

A. pattern B. preference C. unity D. disposition

5. Which of the following statements captures the family’s approach to housework?

A. The boys were not allowed to do girls’ work.
B. Their mother did the cooking and cleaning willingly.
C. No job was reserved for anyone on the basis of gender.
D. The water needed was provided by everyone.

Passage II

A wolf, seeing a lamb drinking from a river, wanted to find a pretext for devouring him. He stood higher up the stream and accused the lamb of muddying the water so that he could not drink.

The lamb said that he drank only with the tip of his tongue, and that in any case he was standing lower down the river, and could not possibly disturb the water higher up. When this excuse failed him, the wolf said: ‘well, last year you insulted my father’. ‘I wasn’t even born then,’ replied the lamb.

‘You are good at finding answers,’ said the wolf, ‘but what do you mean by taking up so much of the path where I am walking? The lamb, frightened at the wolf’s angry tone and terrible aspect, told him, with all due submission, that he could not conceive how his walking on such a wide path could occasion him any inconvenience.

‘What!’ exclaimed the wolf, seemingly in great anger and indignation: ‘you are as impudent as your father who seized me by the throat last year, and caused me to be kept in a cage for three months.’

If you will believe me,’ said the lamb ‘my parents are poor simple creatures who live entirely by green stuff; we are none of us hunters of your species’. ‘Ah! I see it’s no use talking to you,’ said the wolf, drawing up close to him. ‘it runs in the blood of your family to hate us wolves and therefore as we have come so conveniently together, I’ll just pay off a few of your forefathers’ scores before we part.’ So saying, he leapt at the lamb from behind and garrotted him.

6. The expression when this excuse failed him suggests that the _______

A. wolf only made up the charges levelled against the lamb.
B. lamb was more intelligent than the wolf.
C. lamb was prepared for the charges levelled against him.
D. wolf was uncertain of the charges levelled against the lamb.


7. The expression angry tone and terrible aspect refers to the wolf’s _______

A. sonorous voice and overbearing attitude.
B. towering size and thunderous voice.
C. harsh voice and menacing posture.
D. loud voice and fretting movement.

8. Which of the following aptly describes the moral of the story?

A. The sins of the forefather are visited upon the children no matter how long it takes.
B. If you have made up your mind to hang your dog, any rope will do for the purpose.
C. The law is weak in defence of the poor against the rich and mighty.
D. No matter how highly placed he is in society, the unmindful lawbreaker will always meet his nemesis.

9. From the way the story ended, it can be concluded that the _______

A. lamb did not survive the encounter.
B. wolf and the lamb parted amicably.
C. wolf had encountered the lamb’s parents.
D. lamb offended the wolf quite seriously.

10. The charges levelled against the lamb are _______

A. greed, wandering, insolence and disrespect.
B. exuberance, pollution, wickedness and stubbornness.
C. garrulity, loquacity, pride and arrogance.
D. pollution, insolence, obstruction and aggression.


Passage III

The passage below has gaps numbered 11 to 20. Immediately following each gap, four options are provided. Choose the most appropriate option for each gap.

Capitalism is an economic system which is founded on the principle of free enterprise and the private ownership of the means of production and distribution. The …11… [A. protagonists B. antagonists C. determiners D. attorneys]

of capitalism claim that its essential characteristic is economic …12… [A. exploitation B. manipulation C. manoeuvring D. freedom].

The producer is free to produce whatever goods he …13… [A. sells B. buys C. fancies D. manufactures];

but the …14… [A. customer B. consumer C. controller D. marketer] is equally free to buy what he wants.

There is a market mechanism under this system, which brings the producer and consumer together and tends to equate the supplies of one to the demands of the other, and …15… [A. neutralize B. harmonize C. settle D. decide] the whims and caprice of both.


It is this same …16… [A. market B. controlling C. operational D. production] mechanism which determines what prices the consumers pay to the producers,

as well share of the total …17… [A. dividends B. interest C. output D. profit], in cash or kind,

goes to each of the four recognized ..18.. [A. managers B. agents C. methods D. factors] of production – land, labour, capital and organization.

It is further claimed for this system that every person is capable of watching his or her own interest and that whatever injustice is done by the …19… [A. pricing B. operations C. managers D buyers and sellers] of the market mechanism,

the mechanism tends to bring about a state of …20… [A. conflict B. equidistance C. equilibrium D. opprobrium] between the producers and the consumers


Passage IV

Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.

If, once in a lifetime, you see a blue moon, don’t think your eyes are playing tricks on you. It’s caused by dust in our upper atmosphere; ice crystals are what make you see rings round the moon.

Over the centuries, magical powers have been attributed to the moon. It has been said to bring on lunacy, affect the growth of plants, eyes of cats, spots of panthers, functions of women and activities of ghosts. France once had a law against cutting timber except during a waning moon. The moon, and to a lesser degree the sun, does cause the ocean tides because of their gravitational pull. But a common mistake of primitive people is to think that everything timed in the same rhythm as the moon is caused by it.

All the moon gazing, probing and measuring has never solved the big problem: its origin. One theory is that it began as a planet, got too near the more massive earth, was ‘captured’ and turned into a satellite.

Another is that the moon is the result of a giant tidal bulge forming on our earth’s surface, separating, and then spinning off into space. If the latter theory is true, scientists say, there would be two clues: the moon would consist of lighter material than the earth, and the earth would be left with a scar.

As a matter of fact, the moon does weigh less. And the Pacific Ocean does have a scar-like bottom of basaltic rocks instead of the granite rocks usually found near the earth’s surface.

But the assumption that, if man can get to the moon, he’ll find the answer is unfounded. Man has been on the earth hundreds of thousands of years without determining the earth’s origin. Scientists, of course, will never give up either quest. Indeed, for thousands of years, the moon has worked a spell of fascination over all the people on its near neighbour, the earth. The ancient worshipped this lamp in the sky and speculated about it endlessly.

Modern astronomers continue to explore its mysteries almost every night of the year, and with reason. Ages ago, before artificial light was known, it was important as illumination at night. As everyone knows the moon has no light of its own; it shines with the cold reflection of the distant sun, but actually the moon is a poor mirror, reflecting only a fourteenth of the sunlight received.

The earth reflects a third of its sunlight providing its satellite with ‘earth light’ sixty times as bright as the best moonlight. That’s why we sometimes see the whole moon faintly when the sun is lighting up only a narrow crescent.

21. The phrase near neighbour, as used in the passage, shows that _______

A. moonlight generally shares many characteristics with ‘earth light’.
B. moonlight shines brighter on the earth’s surface than perhaps elsewhere.
C. the earth actually shares boundaries with the moon.
D. the earth is nearer to the moon than to the sun.

22. The passage suggests that a blue moon is a _______

A. trick of the moon
B. regular event
C. rare phenomenon
D. life-long opportunity

23. The sentence over the centuries, magical powers have been attributed to the moon suggests that _______

A. it is a common belief that the moon has magical powers.
B. people perform magic with the moon.
C . the moon actually possesses magical powers.
D. the moon reflects magical powers from the sun’s rays.

24. The expression either quest refers to the origin of ______

A. neither the moon nor the earth.
B. the moon or the earth.
C. the moon.
D. the earth.

25. A suitable title for the passage is _____

A. The Magical Powers of the Moon.
B. The Lunar Cycle.
C. Facts about the Moon.
D. Moon Gazing.



Lexis and Structure – 25 marks

(a) Sentence Completion

In each of questions 26 to 35, choose the option that best completes the gap(s).

26. I shall find time for my _____ when I get with this difficult assignment.

A. past-time/over    B. pass-time/over    C. pass-time/through    D. pastime/through

27. Agbo says he is not afraid of _______

A. anybody B. nothing C. nobody D. no one

28. It is ______ responsibility to look after their parents in old age.

A. theirs’    B. their    C. theirs    D. their’s

29. One needs to exemplify or ______ the aspect of the subject being discussed.

A. supply    B. declare    C. satisfy    D. demonstrate

30. ______ his illness, Muhammad could not come to school.

A. With reference to    B. Referring to    C. Owing to    D. Due to

31. After so many trials, the experiment ______

A. paid up    B. paid for    C. paid out    D. paid off.

32. People dislike Mariam because she is _______

A. trickful    B. trickish    C. tricky    D. a tricker.

33. The reporter said that the Honourable Speaker ______ impeached.

A. is to be    B. might have been    C. may have being    D. will have been

34. Actually, he forgot the one to ________ the job was given.

A. whom    B. who    C. whomever    D. whoever

35. You may not have heard the last word on the matter ______ ?

A. may you have B. haven’t you C. have you D. mayn’t have you


(b) Sentence Interpretation

In each of questions 36 to 40, select the option that best explains the information conveyed in the sentence.

36. Everyone was ready to play the devil’s advocate in the impeachment controversy.

A. Everyone was willing to speak against the impeachment to encourage discussion on it.
B. Everyone was willing to defend an unpopular point of view concerning the impeachment.
C. Everyone was willing to fight for the defenceless citizens no matter the consequences.
D. Everyone was willing to be an evil genius in the controversy.

37. Adamu’s father is a key figure in that ministry.

A. The ministry trusts Adamu’s father as a central figure.
B. Adamu’s father is a figurehead in the ministry.
C. Adamu’s father’s position is essential in the ministry.
D. Adamu’s father keeps the key to the ministry.

38. The government warns that drink-driving is punishable under the law.

A. a drunkard driving can be punished.
B. driving while drunk is an offence.
C. driving while drinking is an offence.
D. drinking and driving is an offence.

39. In many countries, democracy is ostensibly being practiced.

A. Democracy is indeed being practiced in many countries.
B. Many countries have effective democracy.
C. Many countries have democracy in practice.
D. Democracy is apparently practiced in many countries.

40. The investigators stated clearly that they had reached a dead end in their scrutiny of suspects in the murder case.

A. The investigators did not know what to do with the suspects’ murder.
B. The investigators had evidence to sentence the suspects to death in the end.
C. There was no further progress in the investigation of the murder suspects.
D. The end had come for the suspects in the murder case.


(c) Antonyms

In each of questions 41 to 45, choose the option opposite in meaning to the word or phrase in italics

41. Sailors are unusually dauntless in their exploits.

A. selfless    B. ruthless    C. excited    D. frightened

42. The potency of the drug has been acknowledged.

A. action    B. loss    C. inefficacy    D. power

43. The dictator wanted tractable men in his cabinet.

A. reliable    B. intelligent    C. tough    D. unruly

44. After the war, the victors became increasingly vindictive.

A. friendly    B. vociferous    C. arrogant    D. treacherous

45. The ship was imperilled by high winds.

A. piloted    B. destroyed    C. deceived    D. saved

(d) Synonyms

In each of questions 46 to 50, choose the option nearest in meaning to the word or phrase in italics.

46. The town was in such turmoil that the dance was called off.

A. mourning state
B. rainy state
C. state of darkness
D. state of confusion

47. The festivals create in the people a feeling of pride in the cultural heritage.

A. history    B. heirloom    C. legacy    D. possession

48. Funnily enough, the priest prayed for the robber who shot him.

A. timidly    B. unexpectedly    C. disappointingly    D. fearlessly

49. The presence of the captain makes the sailors ill at ease.

A. uncomfortable    B. sickly    C. impatient    D. easily ill

50. The press described the efforts of the government in pejorative terms.

A. critical    B. contemptible    C. palpable    D. superlative



Oral Forms – 10 marks

In each of questions 51 to 53, choose the option that has the same constant sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined

51. judge

A. gear    B. spinach    C. pleasure    D. camouflage

52. caused

A. chanced     B. frost     C. released      D. realized

53. mischief

A. Christmas      B. ritual      C. brochure    D. champagne

In each of questions 54 to 55, the word in capital letter has the emphatic stress. Choose the option to which the given sentence relates.

54. The teacher wants MY pen.

A. Does the teacher want his pen?
B. What does the teacher want?
C. Does the teacher want your ruler?
D. Who wants my pen?

55. The student BOUGHT the book.

A. Who bought the book?
B. Did the student steal the book?
C. What did the student buy?
D. How will the student get the book?

In each of questions 56 and 57, choose the option that has the same vowel sound as the one represented by the letter(s) underlined

56. nine

 

A. pint B. gill  C. pin D. click

57. bear

A. beer     B. steer     C. rare     D. fear

In each question 58 to 59, choose the option that has a different vowel sound from the others.

58.   A. foul    B. tout    C. owl    D. foe

59.  A. alter    B. water    C. pot    D. hall

In the question below, choose the appropriate stress pattern from the options. The syllables are written in capital letters.

60. expostulate

A. exposTUlate    B. expostulate    C. EXpostulate    D. exPOStulate

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