Hello and Welcome to UTME CBT FREE Practice Test - Biology

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In nature, plants and animals are perpetually engaged in mutualism because

A. they utilize respiratory wastes of each other
B. they are neighbours
C. they are rivals
D. all animals rely on food produced by plants.


Movement of minerals and chemical compounds within a plant occurs during _______

A. Transpiration   B. Diffusion   C. Osmosis   D. Translocation


The main structure in vertebrates that supports and protects the body is the _______

A. Muscle   B. Joint   C. Skeleton   D. Ligament


The solid part of the ecosystem is referred to as _______

A. Biosphere   B. Lithosphere   C. Atmosphere   D. Hydrosphere


In which of the following groups of vertebrates is parental care mostly exhibited?

A. Aves.    B. Mammalia    C. Reptilia.    D. Amphibia


The long and sharp clawed feet of birds is an adaptations for _______

A. Tearing flesh   B. Grasping prey   C. Crushing seeds   D. Scooping mud


Which of the following is true of leucocytes?

A. They are large and nucleated.
B. They are involved in blood clotting
C. They are respiratory pigments.
D. They are most numerous and ramify all cells.


The gland that is found just below the hypothalamus is the _______

A. Pituitary   B. Thyroid   C. Parathyroid   D. Adrenal


Which of the following structures is adapted for feeding in a bird of prey?

A. Big beaks and strong feet
B. Pointed beak and strong claws
C. Hooked beak and sharp claws
D. Smooth beak and strong claws


The most important plant hormone is ______

A. Auxin   B. Gibberellins  C. Cytokinin   D. Abscisic acid


Habitats are generally classified into

A. aboreal and marine biomes
B. microhabitats and macrohabitats
C. biotic and abiotic
D. aquatic and terrestrial.

A pollutant that is mostly associated with acid rain is

A. nitrogen (IV) oxìde.   B. ozone.   C. fluorine.   D. carbon (IV) oxide.


Plants that have special devices for trapping and digesting insects are ______

A. Parasitic   B. Saprophytic   C. Carnivorous   D. Symbiotic


A biological agent with antiviral property is ________

A. interferon.    B. enzyme.    C. antibiotic.    D. disinfectant.



The part responsible for photosynthesis is labelled ______

A. Ill.   B. IV.   C. I   D. II


I. Test tube containing cane sugar and water
II. Test tube containing cane sugar and dilute acid
III. Test tube containing cane sugar and its degrading enzyme

In which of the test tubes will glucose be detected after complete hydrolysis?

A. I only.   B. I, II and III.   C. I and II only.   D. II and III only.


The adaptive importance of nuptial flight from termite colonies is to

A. ensure cross-breeding between members of one colony and another
B. expel the reproductive so as to provide enough food for other members.
C. disperse the reproductive in order to establish new colonies
D. provide abundant food for birds and other animals during the early rains.


For pollen to be released in Crotalaria the insect must depress the _______

A. wing   B. keel    C. standard   D. antepetalous stame


Alternation of generation is a feature shown in ______

A. mosses.   B. fungi.   C. grasses.   D. conifers.


Bryophytes are different from flower because they _____

A. live in moist habitats
B. have no vascular tissues.
C. reproduce sexually and asexually
D. have small leaves


The origin of mineral particles in the soil is ______

A. humus    B. organic matter   C. micro-organisms   D. weathered rock

The part of the brain responsible for peristalsis is the _____

A. olfactory lobe.   B. medulla oblongata.   C. hypothalamus.   D. thalamus.



Reabsorption of useful materials takes place in the parts labelled ____

A. 1 and 3    B. 2 and 4   C. 5 and 6    D. 6 and 7


Which of the following food chains is in the correct sequence?

A. Weeds → Tadpoles → Beetles → Fish → Man
B. Weeds  → Tadpoles → Fish → Beetles → Man
C. Tadpoles → Beetles → Weeds → Man → Fish
D. Man → Fish → Beetles → Tadpoles → Weeds



Bowman’s capsules are located in the part labelled ______

A. 1    B. 2    C. 3    D. 4    E. 5


Coordination and regulation of body activities in mammals are achieved by the ______

A. nerves and muscles.   B. nerves and hormones.   C. nerves only.   D. hormones only.


If calcium is deficient in food this may cause ______

A. anaemia    B. retarded growth    C. sterility    D. goitre


The blood circulatory system of vertebrates consists of ______

A. Heart, aorta, arteries and veins
B. Heart, vena cava, arteries and veins
C. Heart, arteries, capillaries and veins
D. Heart, aorta, capillaries and veins


Taenia soluim can be found in _______

A. dog    B. pig    C. cow    D. goat


Which of the following instruments is used to measure relative humidity?

A. Hygrometer.   B. Anemometer.   C. Hydrometer.   D. Thermometer.


Which of the following organs regulates the amount of amino acids and glucose in the body?

A. Kidney    B. Liver    C. Pancreas     D. Spleen


Seed plants are the most dominant vegetation on land because of ________

A. their motile gametes.
B. their ability to photosynthesize.
C. efficient seed dispersal.
D. availability of water.



The organism is found in soils rich in ______

A. clay    B. sand    C. mud    D. humus


The conversion of a nutrient into a molecule in the body of a consumer is referred to as

A. absorption   B. inhibition   C. digestion   D. assimilation.


The sensory cell that responds to dim light is referred to as the ______

a. Rod   b. Iris   c. Cone   d. Lens


Whorls, arches, loops and compounds are types of variation in ______

A. eye colour    B. fingerprints.    C. hair colour   D. blood group.


Movements and positions of the head in man are detected by the _______

A. cochlea    B. malleus    C. utriculus    D. semicircular canals


The mammalian endocrine system is responsible for _______

A. transmitting impulses
B. regulating body temperature
C. regulating osmotic pressure of blood
D. chemical co-ordination


In mammals, the function of the sebaceous gland is to ______

A. produce sweat
B. secrete sodium chloride
C. secrete water
D. produce an oily substance


Which of the following describes a characteristic of arthropods?

A. The body is not divided into a number of segments
B. The body is covered by chitin
C. The organism finds it easy to grow freely
D. The organism has a pair of jointed appendages


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